hospital

[13] Like hospices, hostels, and hotels, hospitals were originally simply places at which guests were received. The word comes via Old French hospital from medieval Latin hospitāle, a noun use of the adjective hospitālis ‘of a guest’. This in turn was derived from hospit-. the stem of Latin hospes ‘guest, host’. In English, hospital began its semantic shift in the 15th century, being used for a ‘home for the elderly or infirm, or for down-and-outs’; and the modern sense ‘place where the sick are treated’ first appeared in the 16th century. The original notion of ‘receiving guests’ survives, of course, in hospitality [14] and hospitable [16]. Hospice [19] comes via French from Latin hospitium ‘hospitality’, another derivative of hospes. => HOSPICE, HOSPITABLE, HOST, HOSTEL, HOTEL
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   In medieval times the word was used for a place where poor and sick people were cared for, and given hospitality. Only in the 16th century did the word take on its present, more specialized use. Hospice and hostel are related words.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hospital — bzw. Spital (v. lateinisch hospitalis ‚gastfreundlich, zum Gastwirt gehörend‘, dies abgeleitet v. hospes ‚Gastfreund, Gastwirt‘) ist eine in weiten Teilen Deutschlands veraltete Bezeichnung für Pflegeheime und Altenheime. Ursprünglich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hospital La Fe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hospital General Universitario La Fe Ubicación Valencia, Comunidad Valenciana, España …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hospital OS — is a research and development project for a hospital management software to support small hospitals. It is financially supported by the Thailand Research Fund.With the effort to facilitate the hospitals in the remote areas where technology seems… …   Wikipedia

  • hospital — Hospital. s. m. Maison fondée & establie pour recevoir les pauvres, les malades, les passants, les y loger, les nourrir, les traiter par charité. Hospital General. Hospital des Incurables. Administrateur de l Hospital. fonder un Hospital. visiter …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Hospital — Hos pi*tal, n. [OF. hospital, ospital, F. h[^o]pital, LL. hospitale (or perh. E. hospital is directly from the Late Latin), from L. hospitalis relating to a guest, hospitalia apartments for guests, fr. hospes guest. See {Host} a landlord, and cf …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hospital — (Del lat. hospitālis). 1. m. Establecimiento destinado al diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermos, donde se practican también la investigación y la enseñanza. 2. Casa que sirve para recoger pobres y peregrinos por tiempo limitado. 3. adj. ant.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • hospital — establecimiento destinado al tratamiento de enfermos internados (fotografía [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/h/ho.htm#hospital]). El primer hospital como tal fué el Hôtel Dieu fundado en Lyon por Childeberto I, rey de los francos, si bien fue el… …   Diccionario médico

  • hospital — sustantivo masculino 1. Establecimiento sanitario donde se atiende y cura a los enfermos: un hospital privado, un hospital público. hospital clínico Hospital en el que se enseña la parte práctica de la medicina …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Hospital — Sn std. (11. Jh.), mhd. hospitāl, ahd. hospitālhūs Entlehnung. Ist entlehnt aus l. hospitālium Gastzimmer , ml. auch Herberge für Pilger, Arme und Kranke , aus l. hospitālis gastfreundlich , zu l. hospes ( pitis) m. Gastfreund, Gastgeber .… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Hospital — Surtout porté dans la Corrèze (également 63, 42), désigne celui qui est habite un lieu dit (l )Hospital, où se trouvait un hôpital au moyen âge. En Corrèze, il devrait s agir du hameau de l Hospital, dans la commune de Corrèze …   Noms de famille

  • hospital — s. m. 1. Estabelecimento onde se recebem e tratam doentes. 2.  [Figurado] Casa em que há muitos doentes. 3. hospital de sangue: hospital onde se tratam os feridos em campanha …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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